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|||UNTRANSLATED_CONTENT_START|||México e América Central crescem 2,9%|||UNTRANSLATED_CONTENT_END|||

The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLAC) predicts that the economies closest to the United States will register positive levels of economic growth.

در بین کشورهای آمریکای جنوبی، بولیوی نرخ رشد تولید ناخالص داخلی را رهبری می کند، نرخ 4.4 ٪ را ثبت می کند، به دنبال آن پاراگوای با 3.3 ٪ و کلمبیا با 2.9 ٪. پیرو 2.4 ٪ و شیلی 2.1 ٪ رشد خواهد کرد. طبق ECLAC، برای آرژانتین رشد 1.6 ٪ و اکوادور 0.4 ٪ باقی خواهد ماند.

However, due to the unfavorable climate in some of the region’s main economies, ECLAC revised downwards its last forecast for the group of countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, which was estimated at a growth of 0.5%, to a negative growth of 0.3 %, in 2015.

The scenario for 2016 is once again optimistic, with a growth forecast of 0.7%.
The 2015 slowdown is explained by internal and external factors: on the one hand, the drop in domestic demand stands out, and, on the other, the low growth in developed countries, along with the slowdown in emerging economies, namely China. Latin American economies may also be affected by the strengthening of the dollar, the growing volatility of financial markets and the sharp drop in commodity prices.

To face this panorama, CEPAL highlights the need to reverse the decline in the investment rate and the lower contribution of gross capital formation to growth.

“Stimulating investment is the key to changing the current slowdown and achieving a path of sustained and sustainable growth in the long term”, according to CEPAL.